Four Scriptural Reasons for Affirming the Inauguration of the Davidic Covenant at the Ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ:
1. In His post-resurrection pronouncements to the Apostles the Lord Jesus Christ proclaimed that “All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth” (Mt. 28:18). The Davidic reign must not be excluded from this grant and assumption due to its universal and eternal nature implicit in the language of the “commission” it introduces.
2. Peter directly connects the resurrection and ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ to David’s prophetic pronouncement concerning the enthronement of the Davidic Messiah (Acts 2:25-36). Specifically, the antecedent of the pronoun “his” modifying “throne” (Acts 2:30) is the same as that of “him”, and “his” (“loins”) earlier in the verse, and “he” in the beginning of the next verse (Acts 2:31), i.e. “the patriarch David” (Acts 2:29). In particular, the term “his throne” at the end of the verse should be seen as coordinate with “his loins” in the middle of the verse, and therefore, of necessity, as having the identical antecedent, i.e., David. In other words, the throne in view is referred to as David’s throne, and the enthronement of Jesus as the universal Lord and Messiah in His ascension (Acts 2:34-36) is explicitly connected to the throne of David and the fulfillment of what was revealed to David centuries before.
3. When Christ returns to assert His absolute reign on the earth He will already be vested with the titles: “King of kings and Lord of lords” (Rev. 19:16). This is consistent with His assertion in Mt. 28:18, and once again, must of necessity be seen as inclusive of the Davidic reign, as well as all others without exception.
4. All of the above is consistent with and flows directly from the recognition of who He already was at His birth, i.e., the King of the Jews (Mt. 2:1-6; Lk. 1:32-33). This was also explicitly acknowledged in His reception in Jerusalem during the Triumphal Entry as the King in fulfillment of prophecy (Mt. 21:1-17; Mk. 1:1-11; Lk. 19:28-48); and during His trial and execution (Mt. 27:11-14, 26-29, 37-43; Mk. 15:1-5, 9-13, 15-18, 26-32; Lk. 23:1-3, 36-43; Jn. 18:33-39; 19:1-3, 19-22).
Four Answers to Possible Objections to the Affirmation of the Inauguration of the Davidic Covenant at the Ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ:
1. The prophesied Davidic reign in fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant must not be viewed as merely involving a reign over Israel, but a truly universal reign. This reign is understood in the prophetic literature of the Old Testament in explicitly universal terms.
2. That this universal Davidic reign would be initiated in and administered from heaven during the initial phase of its implementation should not be seen as inherently inconsistent with the terms of the Davidic Covenant.
3. It must not be imagined that Christ must sit on the exact same literal throne that David sat on in order to fulfill the terms of the Davidic Covenant. Where ever David’s ascended son/Lord is seated necessarily becomes the Davidic throne by virtue of the One seated upon it.
4. It must not be supposed that Christ must be physically located in Israel in His humanity in order to begin fulfilling the requirements promised in the Davidic Covenant.
5. While the actual restoration of the kingdom to Israel (Acts 1:6-8) awaits the time of their national reingrafting (Rom. 11:11-32), and regeneration (Ezek. 36:23-37:14), the stage has been set for that event in the enthronement of their King, and in His ongoing chastening of them including provoking them to jealousy through the Gentiles (Rom. 11:11-14).
Sola Scriptura, Soli Deo Gloria,
John T. “Jack” Jeffery
Pastor, Wayside Gospel Chapel
12 July 2013
The Inauguration of the Davidic Covenant at the Ascension of the Lord Jesus Christ
by John T. Jeffery
Copyright 2013 by John T. Jeffery.
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